León Ferrari (1920-2013) was a contemporary conceptual artist from Buenos Aires, Argentina. He began his career creating small drawings but primarily focused on sculptures until 1962 when he started using his characteristic calligraphic writing motif. The artist engaged in protest art using collage, photocopying, and sculptures made from wood, plaster, wire, and ceramics. He frequently incorporated text, such as newspaper clippings or poetry, in his works. Ferrari’s art often addressed themes related to political power and religion.
Throughout his long artistic career, his artworks often protested against the Argentine government, Western imperialism, and the Church. León Ferrari was one of the most renowned Latin American artists in the world, and his achievements were recognized at the 2007 Venice Biennale, where he received the Golden Lion in acknowledgment of his artistic work that continued to challenge the world we live in until the end of his life.